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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION - TM-750-116_11
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TM-750-116 Topographic Support System (TSS) Downsized Direct Support Section (DDSS) Manual
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CHAPTER  2 GENERAL   PROCEDURES
TM  750-116 HANDLE  WITH  CARE.  IN  THE EVENT THE RADIOLUMINOUS SOURCE IS  BROKEN,  CRACKED,  OR  SUDDENLY LOSES ILLUMINATION, DO NOT AT- TEMPT TO REPAIR. IMMEDIATELY DOUBLE WRAP INSTRUMENT IN PLAS- TIC AND NOTIFY THE LOCAL RADI- ATION PROTECTION OFFICER (RPO). CONTACT THE BASE SAFETY OFFICE FOR THE NAME AND TELEPHONE NUMBER OF YOUR LOCAL RPO: LOCAL  RPO: TELEPHONE: (1) Safety Procedures for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Licensed Tritium Fire Control Devices. (a) Purpose:  To  implement  mandatory  license  re- quirements for use and maintenance of tritium radiolumi- nous fire control instruments used on howitzers, mortars, tanks,  and  rifles. (b) Scope: This procedure is applicable to all person- nel working with tritium devices, including organizational, direct support, general support maintenance and operator levels. (c) Radiological  Hazard:  The  beta  radiation emitted by tritium presents no external radiation hazard. However, if taken internally, it can damge soft tissue. If a capsule is broken, the tritium gas will dissipate into the sur- rounding air and surfaces near the vicinity of the break may become contaminated. Tritium can be taken into the body by inhalation, ingestion, or percutaneous (skin) absorption/ injection. (2) Safety   Precautions. (a) Check for illumination in low light or darkroom prior to use or service. If not illuminated, do not repair. Double wrap the entire instrument in plastic (item 1, appx B) and notify the local RPO. (b) Removal of the radioluminous source from the instrument is prohibited except at authorized depots. No eating, drinking, smoking or applying cosmetics will be allowed in tritium device work areas. (3) Emergency  Procedures.  If a tritium source breaks, inform other personnel to vacate the area or move upwind. If skin contact is made with any area contaminated with tritium, wash immediately with nonabrasive soap and water. Report the incident to the local RPO. Actions below will be taken under supervision or direction of the local RPO. (a) Personnel  handling  the  instrument  should  wear rubber or latex gloves. Instrument must be immediately double wrapped in plastic (item 1, appx B), sealed, pack- aged and evacuated to depot. Outside package must be identified as "Broken Tritium Device - Do Not Open." Dispose of used gloves as radioactive waste per instructions from local RPO and wash hands well. (b) Personnel who may have handled the broken tritium instrument should report to health clinic for tritium bioassay. Optimum bioassay sample is at least four hours after  exposure. (c) Broken tritium sources indoors may result in tritium contamination in the area, such as workbench or table. The area must be cordoned off, restricted until wipe tests indicate no contamination. (4) Further  Information. (a) Requirements  for  safe  handling,  maintenance, storage and training are located in TM 9-254, General Maintenance Procedures for Fire Control Materiel. (b) If assistance is needed, contact your local or ma- jor command (MACOM) safety office(s) for information on safe handling, shipping, storage, maintenance, or disposal of radioactive instruments. (c) The  licensee/AMCCOM  RPO  may  be  contacted by writing to Commander, U.S. Army Armament, Muni- tions  and  Chemical  Command  (AMCCOM),  ATTN: AMSMC-SFS, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000, or telephone: DSN 793-2965/2995, Commercial (309) 782-2965/2995, Fax extension 2289, E-Mail SFO1@RIA- EMH1.ARMY.MIL. After work hours, the AMCCOM RPO may be contacted through the staff duty office at DSN 793-6001, Commercial (309) 782-6001. 1-7.  CORROSION  PREVENTION  AND CONTROL (CPC). Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPC) of Army materiel is a continuing concern. It is im- portant that any corrosion problems with these items be reported so that the problem can be corrected and improve- ments can be made to prevent the problem in future items. While corrosion is typically associated with rusting of met- als, it can also include deterioration of other materials such as rubber and plastic. Unusual cracking, softening, swell- ing, or breaking of these materials may be a corrosion prob- lem. If a corrosion problem is identified, it can be reported using Standard Form 368, Product Quality Deficiency Re- port. Use of key words such as “corrosion,” “rust,” “deteri- oration,” or “cracking” will assure that the information is identified as a CPC problem. The form should be submitted to: Commander, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical  Command,  ATTN:  AMSMC-QAD/Customer Feedback Center, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. 1-2

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