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REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION - TM-5-4210-230-14P-1_466
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ACTIVATING DRY CHARGED BATTERIES
TRUCK SERVICE MANUAL TM 5-4210-230-14&P-1 5. Start engine and check operation of vehicle's charging system.  If necessary, adjust or repair charging system to obtain correct charging output. 6. Install battery cover (where used). STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS Always  store  batteries  in  an  upright  position.    Never  allow batteries  to  be  laid  on  their  sides  as  electrolyte  may  escape through the vent holes. Never  stack  batteries  on  top  of  one  another.    Simple  battery storage racks can be made from loose, flat boards supported by the batteries themselves, as shown in Figure 15. Fig. 15  Battery Storage Rack Batteries    will    slowly    discharge    while    standing    and    will discharge  much  faster  when  warm  than  when  cold.    On  wet type   conventional   batteries,   selfdischarge   can   amount   to about  an  average  of  .001  specific  gravity  per  day  over  a  30 day  period.  To  minimize  self-discharge,  store  batteries  in  as cool a place as possible, away from heat ducts in winter and shielded from direct sunlight in summer. Ideal  storage  conditions  would  be  in  a  clean  dry  area  where temperature would be stable and as cool as possible between 0°C (32°F) and 26°C (80°F). Storage in ambient temperatures above 26°C (80°F) is not recommended as this increases the rate of self-discharge. Temperatures below 0°C (32°F) should be avoided to prevent freezing should a battery become discharged. Wet batteries in storage should be checked for state of charge every 30 days and charged when- ever they fall to 1.225 specific gravity.  A charge rate of one ampere  for  each  positive  plate  in  one  cell  should  be  used  to recharge the battery. IMPORTANT Batteries  of  vehicles  standing  in  storage  should  be considered   as   batteries   in   storage.      Vehicles   in inventory   should   be   maintained   regularly   to   keep their batteries clean and dry, properly filled with water and, most important, fully charged. Because   of   their   chemical   composition,   maintenance   free batteries   self-discharge   at   a   slower   rate   than   conventional batteries.  When stored as recommended, a shelf life of up to twelve months or more depending upon storage temperatures, is possible before charging is required. Maintain   proper   battery   stock   rotation.      The   first   batteries placed in storage should be the first ones taken out.  (Be sure to check date codes on the batteries and the cartons.) If  a  battery  has  been  in  storage  for  some  time,  it  should  be charged before being installed in a vehicle. ACTIVATING DRY CHARGED BATTERIES Dry   charged   batteries   provided   for   replacement   installation must  be  "activated"  before  they  can  be  used.    Following  the instructions    outlined    below    will    assure    proper    activation regardless of temperature and conditions of storage. IMPORTANT Always  refer  to  and  follow  manufacturer's  activation instructions furnished with battery. 1. Fill each cell of the battery to the top of the separators with  the  correct  battery-grade  electrolyte  as  specified by   the   manufacturer's   instructions.    Using   higher   or lower   specific   gravity   electrolyte   than   recommended can impair battery performance.  Originally filling each cell  to  the  top  of  the  separators  permits  expansion  of the electrolyte as battery is boost charged. 2. Gently rock battery.  This will help to force out trapped air and to saturate the plates with electrolyte. CTS-2771  Page 17 PRINTED IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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