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INTRODUCTION - TM-5-4210-230-14P-1_427
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RADIATOR - TM-5-4210-230-14P-1_429
TRUCK SERVICE MANUAL TM 5-4210-230-14&P-1 COOLING SYSTEM Freezing Point C (F) Percentage Anti-Freeze Concentration by Volume Specific Gravity @ 16 deg.  C (60 deg.  F) 0 deg.  (+32) 0 1.000 -7 deg.  (+20) 15 1.025 -12 deg.  (+10) 25 1.040 -18 deg.  (0) 33 1.053 -23 deg.  (-10) 40 1.062 -29 deg.  (-20) 45 1.07n -34 deg.  (-30) 48 1.074 -40 deg.  (-40) 53 1.080 -46 deg.  (-50) 56 1.088 -51 deg.  (-60) 59 1.092 -57 deg.  (-70) 62 1.095 -63 deg.  (-80) 65 1.097 -68 deg.  (-90) 67 1.098 -69 deg.  (-92) 68 NOTE:    As  shown  below,  a  further  increase  in  anti-freeze  volume  increases  the  freezing point. -63 deg.  (-80) 71 1.100 -57 deg.  (-70) 75 1.106 -51 deg.  (-60) 79 1.110 -46 deg.  (-50) 83 1.113 -40 deg.  (-40) 87 1.117 -34 deg.  (-30) 91 1.119 -34 deg.  (-30) 95 1.123 -22 deg.  (- 8) 100 1.127 of concentration. c. Anti-freeze containing sealer or antileak additives   should   not   be   used   in   IH   engines. These  additives  may  cause  plugging  problems in the cooling system and restrict coolant flow. d. Anti-freeze formulated with methoxy propanol or propolene glycol is not recommended for use in IH engines due to a reaction with engine internal seals,  coolant  hoses  and  potential  fire  hazard due  to  lower  flash  points  than  ethylene  glycol type anti-freeze. 3. Coolant Conditioners All   cooling   system   inhibitors,   including   those   in   anti- freeze solutions, become depleted through normal operation.  If the inhibitors in antifreeze are allowed to become depleted, the antifreeze becomes corrosive and attacks and coats the metallic surfaces of the cooling system.  This coating reduces the heat transfer.      Cooling   system   conditioners   which   contain   these inhibitors   must   be   added   to   maintain   corrosion   protection. These conditioners are available as a liquid or in a coolant filter. The   two   types   of   recommended   conditioners   are   as follows: a. IH   coolant   conditioner   is   a   complete   inhibitor system, of a non-chromate type, which provides corrosion  protection,  pH  control  for  maintaining an   acid-free   coolant   and   water   softening   to prevent the formation of mineral deposits.  It is compatible  with  both  water  and  IH  anti-freeze and coolant. b. Coolant filters which are coolant conditioners of the  universal  borate  type  are  approved  for  use on IH truck engines.  These borate type spin-on filters   are   compatible   with   IH   anti-freeze   and coolant  and  with  IH  cooling  conditioner  water solutions. Soluble   oil   is   not   recommended   for   use   on   IH   truck engines   as   its   use   will   reduce   heat   transfer.      There   are   no miracle   additives   that   will   increase   heat   transfer   or   prevent overheating.  Conditioned water is still the best coolant. COOLANT SYSTEM COMPONENTS The  following  is  a  list  of  the  major  components  making up the cooling system.  Points of inspection of each component are covered in    CTS-2019P  Page 4 PRINTED IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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